Music synchronizes brainwaves across listeners with strong effects of repetition, familiarity and training

Jens Madsen, Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis, Rhimmon Simchy-Gross and Lucas C. Parra

Scientific Reports, volume 9, Article number: 3576 (2019), paper


Experiment 1 - Familiar

Franz Schubert - Piano Sonata No. 20 in A Major, D. 959: 3. Scherzo (Allegro vivace)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Symphony No. 24 in B Flat, K. 182: 1. Allegro Spiritoso

Felix Mendelssohn - String Quartet No. 3 in D Major, Op. 44 No. 1

Franz Liszt - A faust Symphony, S. 108: 3. Mephistopheles


Experiment 1 - Unfamiliar

Anton Webern - Symphony, op. 21: II. Variationen

Igor Stravinsky - Piano Sonata (1924), Movement 1

Arnold Schoenberg - 5 Orchestral Pieces, Op. 16 No. 5 Das obligate Resitativ

György Ligeti - String Quartet No. 1, “Metamorphoses nocturnes”


Experiment 2&3 - Familiar

Camille Saint-Saëns - Cello Concerto No. 1 in A Minor, Op 33 I. Tempo 1

William Grant Still - Symphony No. 1, Movement 1

Gioachino Rossini - La Gazza Ladra: Overture

Felix Mendelssohn - Symphony No. 1 in C Minor, Op. 11, IV: Allegro con fuoco

Georges Bizet - Symphony In C, I. Allegro vivo

Ludwig van Beethoven - Egmont Overture, Op. 84


Experiment 2&3 - Unfamiliar

Arnold Schoenberg - Five Orchestral Pieces Op. 16 I. Vorgefühle

Philip Glass - String Quartet No.5 - Part 3

Béla Bartók - Violin Concerto No 2. Sz. 112, I. Allegro non troppo

Thomas Adès - These Premises Are Alarmed

Silvestre Revueltas - Homenaje a Garcia Lorca: 1. Baiile

Yu Xunfa - Harvest